List of Countries & its' Languages

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List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:12 pm

Internationally recognized sovereign states

Name in English and the official languages of the state. Information on status and recognition of sovereignty.

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A

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Abkhazia Other states

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Afghanistan – Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Pashto: د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت
De Afġānistān Islāmī Jomhoriyat
Dari/Persian: افغانستان – جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان
Afġānestān – Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Afġānistān Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Albania – Republic of Albania
Albanian: Shqipëria – Republika e Shqipërise
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Algeria – People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
Arabic: الجزائر – الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية
Al-Jazā'ir – Al-Jumhūrīyah al-Jazā’irīyah ad-Dīmuqrāţīyah ash-Sha`bīyah Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Andorra – Principality of Andorra
Catalan: Andorra – Principat d’Andorra
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Angola – Republic of Angola
Portuguese: Angola – República de Angola
Widely recognized member of the UN. A separatist government in exile claims independence for Cabinda.[3]

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Antigua and Barbuda
English: Antigua and Barbuda
Widely recognized member of the UN. Antigua and Barbuda is a Commonwealth realm[4] and has a division (dependency), Barbuda, with an autonomous status.[5]

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Argentina – Argentine Republic[6]
Spanish: Argentina – República Argentina
Widely recognized member of the UN. Argentina is a federation[7] divided into provinces and one federal district. Argentina also claims sovereignty over the British overseas territories of the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.[8]

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Armenia – Republic of Armenia
Armenian: Հայաստան – Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն
Hayastan – Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Australia – Commonwealth of Australia
English: Australia – Commonwealth of Australia
Widely recognized member of the UN. Australia is a Commonwealth realm[4] and a federation[7] of states and territories. Australia has sovereignty over:
Christmas Island
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Norfolk Island
Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Coral Sea Islands
Heard Island and McDonald Islands
Australia claims sovereignty over parts of Antarctica as:

Australian Antarctic Territory


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Austria – Republic of Austria
German: Österreich – Republik Österreich
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9] Austria is a federation[7] divided into federal-states (Bundesländer).

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Azerbaijan – Republic of Azerbaijan
Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan – Azərbaycan Respublikası
Widely recognized member of the UN. Azerbaijan has one autonomous republic, Nakhchivan and the autonomous region of Nagorno-Karabakh (Dağlıq Qarabağ,).[5] In Nagorno-Karabakh, a de facto country in the de jure territory of Azerbaijan has been established.
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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:13 pm

B

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Bahamas – Commonwealth of The Bahamas
English: The Bahamas – Commonwealth of The Bahamas
Widely recognized member of the UN. The Bahamas is a Commonwealth realm.[4]

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Bahrain – Kingdom of Bahrain
Arabic: البحرين – مملكة البحرين
al-Baḥrayn – Mamlakat al-Baḥrayn Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Bangladesh – People's Republic of Bangladesh
Bengali: বাংলাদেশ – গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ
Banglādeś – Gônoprojatontri Banglādeś Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Barbados
English: Barbados
Widely recognized member of the UN. Barbados is a Commonwealth realm.[4]

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Belarus – Republic of Belarus
Belarusian: Беларусь – Рэспубліка Беларусь
Bjelarúś – Respublika Bjelarúś
Russian: Беларусь – Республика Беларусь
Belorussiya – Respublika Belarus Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Belgium – Kingdom of Belgium
Dutch: België – Koninkrijk België
French: Belgique – Royaume de Belgique
German: Belgien – Königreich Belgien
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9] Belgium is a federation[7] divided into linguistic communities and regions.

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Belize
English: Belize
Widely recognized member of the UN. Belize is a Commonwealth realm.[4]

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Benin – Republic of Benin[10]
French: Bénin – République du Bénin
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Bhutan – Kingdom of Bhutan
Dzongkha: འབྲུག་ཡུལ་ - འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་
Druk Yul – Druk Gyal-khab Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Bolivia – Plurinational State of Bolivia
Spanish: Bolivia – Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
Quechua: Bulibiya – Bulibiya Mama Llaqta
Aymara: Wuliwya – Wuliwya Suyu
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnian and Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina
Serbian: Босна и Херцеговина
Widely recognized member of the UN. As a result of the Dayton Agreement between Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Bosnia and Herzegovina is divided into two constituent entities:[11]
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Republika Srpska


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Botswana – Republic of Botswana
Tswana: Botswana – Lefatshe la Botswana
English: Botswana – Republic of Botswana
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Brazil – Federative Republic of Brazil
Portuguese: Brasil – República Federativa do Brasil
Widely recognized member of the UN. Brazil is a federation[7] divided into states and one federal district.

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Brunei – State of Brunei, Abode of Peace
Malay: Brunei – Negara Brunei Darussalam
برني دارالسلام Widely recognized member of the UN. Brunei claims sovereignty over part of the Spratly Islands.[12]

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Bulgaria – Republic of Bulgaria
Bulgarian: България – Република България
Bulgaria – Republika Bulgaria Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9]

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Burkina Faso[13]
French: Burkina Faso
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Burma – Union of Myanmar
Burmese: ဴမြန်မာပြည် — ျပည္ေတာင္စုၿမန္မာႏိုင္ငံေတာ္
Myan-ma – Pyi-daung-zu Myan-ma Naing-ngan-daw Widely recognized member of the UN

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Burundi – Republic of Burundi
Kirundi: Uburundi – Republika y'Uburundi
French: Burundi – République du Burundi

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:14 pm

C

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Cambodia – Kingdom of Cambodia
Khmer: កម្ពុជា - ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រ កម្ពុជា
Kampuchea - Preah Reachea Nachakr Kampuchea Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Cameroon – Republic of Cameroon
French: Cameroun – République du Cameroun
English: Cameroon – Republic of Cameroon
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Canada[14]
English and French: Canada
Widely recognized member of the UN. Canada is a Commonwealth realm[4] and a federation[7] divided into provinces and territories.

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Cape Verde – Republic of Cape Verde
Portuguese: Cabo Verde – República de Cabo Verde
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Central African Republic
French: République Centrafricaine
Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Chad – Republic of Chad
French: Tchad – République du Tchad
Arabic: تشاد – جمهوريّة تشاد
Tašād – Jumhūriyyat Tašād Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Chile – Republic of Chile
Spanish: Chile – República de Chile
Widely recognized member of the UN. Easter Island and the Juan Fernández Islands are "special territories" of Chile. The Desventuradas Islands and Isla Salas y Gómez are part of the Valparaíso Region.

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China – People's Republic of China[15]
Chinese: 中国 – 中华人民共和国
Zhōngguó – Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Widely recognized member of the UN.[16] Commonly known as China, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has five autonomous regions: Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Xinjiang and Tibet.[5] Additionally, it has sovereignty over the Special Administrative Regions of:
Hong Kong [17]
Macao[18]
It also claims:

Taiwan and associated islands, Kinmen, Matsu, the Pratas and Itu Aba, which are governed by the Republic of China (which claims sovereignty over the whole of China).[19]
The Paracel Islands (disputed by the ROC and Vietnam).[20]
The Spratly Islands (disputed by the ROC, Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia and Brunei).[12]
Part of the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. Aksai Chin, controlled by the PRC, is claimed by India as a part of Jammu and Kashmir.[21] Tibet and East Turkestan (Xinjiang) have separatist governments in exile.[3]


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China, Republic of Taiwan Other states

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Colombia – Republic of Colombia
Spanish: Colombia – República de Colombia
Widely recognized member of the UN. Colombia is an independent republic with 31 departments (including the Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina) and one capital district (Bogotá).

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Comoros – Union of the Comoros
Comorian: Komori – Udzima wa Komori
French: Comores – Union des Comores
Arabic: القمر – اتحاد القمر
Al-Qumur – Ittihād al-Qumur Widely recognized member of the UN. The Comoros is a federation with autonomous islands.[5][7] The Comoros dispute the French sovereignty over Mayotte and the Glorioso Islands.[8]

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Congo, Democratic Republic of the (Congo-Kinshasa)[22]
French: Congo – République Démocratique du Congo
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Congo, Republic of the (Congo-Brazzaville)
French: Congo – République du Congo
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Costa Rica – Republic of Costa Rica
Spanish: Costa Rica – República de Costa Rica
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Côte d'Ivoire – Republic of Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
French: Côte d'Ivoire – République de Côte d'Ivoire
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Croatia – Republic of Croatia
Croatian: Hrvatska – Republika Hrvatska
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Cuba – Republic of Cuba
Spanish: Cuba – República de Cuba
Widely recognized member of the UN. The Cuban area of Guantánamo Bay is, along with the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, under the permanent control (with no claim of sovereignty) of the United States, which pays rent under terms of the Cuban-American Treaty of 1903.

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Cyprus – Republic of Cyprus
Greek: Κύπρος – Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία
Kípros – Kipriakí Dhimokratía
Turkish: Kıbrıs – Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti
Widely recognized[23] member of the UN and the EU.[9] See Northern Cyprus for the de facto state in the de jure territory of Cyprus.

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Czech Republic[24]
Czech: Česko – Česká republika
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9]

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:15 pm

D

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Denmark – Kingdom of Denmark
Danish: Danmark – Kongeriget Danmark
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9]
The Kingdom of Denmark also includes two autonomous areas. For more information, see Rigsfællesskabet.

Faroe Islands (Føroyar/Færøerne)
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat/Grønland)


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Djibouti – Republic of Djibouti
French: Djibouti – République de Djibouti
Arabic: جيبوتي – جمهورية جيبوتي
Jībūtī – Jumhūrīyat Jībūtī Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Dominica – Commonwealth of Dominica
English: Dominica – Commonwealth of Dominica
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Dominican Republic
Spanish: República Dominicana
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:15 pm

E

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East Timor – Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste[25]
Tetum: Timor Lorosa'e – Repúblika Demokrátika Timor Lorosa'e
Portuguese: Timor-Leste – República Democrática de Timor-Leste
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Ecuador – Republic of Ecuador
Spanish: Ecuador – República del Ecuador
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Egypt – Arab Republic of Egypt
Arabic: مصر – جمهوريّة مصرالعربيّة
Mişr – Jumhūriyyat Mişr al-`Arabiyyah Widely recognized member of the UN.

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El Salvador – Republic of El Salvador
Spanish: El Salvador – República de El Salvador
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Equatorial Guinea – Republic of Equatorial Guinea
Spanish: Guinea Ecuatorial – República de Guinea Ecuatorial
French: Guinée Équatoriale – République de Guinée Équatoriale
Portuguese: Guiné Equatorial – República da Guiné Equatorial
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Eritrea – State of Eritrea
Tigrinya: ኤርትራ – ሃግሬ ኤርትራ
Ertra – Hagere Ertra Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Estonia – Republic of Estonia
Estonian: Eesti – Eesti Vabariik
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9]

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Ethiopia – Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Amharic: ኢትዮጵያ – የኢትዮጵያ ፈደራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ
Ityop'iya – Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik Widely recognized member of the UN. Ethiopia is a federation[7] divided into regions and chartered cities.

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:16 pm

F

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Fiji – Republic of the Fiji Islands
Fijian: Viti – Matanitu Tu-Vaka-i-koya ko Viti
English: Fiji – Republic of the Fiji Islands
Hindustani:[26] फ़िजी / فِجی – फ़िजी गणराज्य / فِجی رپبلک
Fijī – Fijī Ripablik[27] Widely recognized member of the UN. Fiji has an autonomous region (dependency), Rotuma.[5]

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Finland – Republic of Finland
Finnish: Suomi – Suomen tasavalta
Swedish: Finland – Republiken Finland
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9]
Åland is a neutral and demilitarised autonomous region of Finland.[5][28]


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France – French Republic
French: France – République française
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9] The French overseas regions/departments (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Réunion) are legally part of France and France possesses the uninhabited Clipperton Island. French sovereignty also includes the overseas territories of:
French Polynesia (Polynésie française)
Mayotte (disputed by Comoros)
New Caledonia (Nouvelle-Calédonie)
Saint-Barthélemy
Saint Martin (Saint-Martin)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon (Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon)
Wallis and Futuna (Wallis-et-Futuna)
French Southern and Antarctic Lands (Terres australes et antarctiques françaises, uninhabited). It includes the Antarctic claim of Adélie Land.
French sovereignty over Bassas da India, Europa Island and Juan de Nova Island is disputed by Madagascar, over Glorioso Islands by Madagascar, the Seychelles and the Comoros, and over Tromelin Island by Mauritius and the Seychelles.[8]


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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:16 pm

G

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Gabon – Gabonese Republic
French: Gabon – République Gabonaise
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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The Gambia – Republic of The Gambia
English: The Gambia – Republic of The Gambia
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Georgia
Georgian: საქართველო
Sak’art’velo Widely recognized member of the UN. Georgia has two divisions with autonomous statuses:[5]
Adjara
Abkhazia
In Abkhazia and South Ossetia (a former autonomous entity), de facto states inside the de jure territory of Georgia have been formed.


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Germany – Federal Republic of Germany
German: Deutschland – Bundesrepublik Deutschland
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9] Germany is a federation[7] divided into states (Länder).

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Ghana – Republic of Ghana
English: Ghana – Republic of Ghana
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Greece – Hellenic Republic
Greek: Ελλάδα – Ελληνική Δημοκρατία
Elláda – Ellinikí Dimokratía Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9] Greece has sovereignty over Mount Athos, an autonomous monastic state that is jointly governed by the multi-national "Holy Community" on the mountain and the Civil Governor appointed by the Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and spiritually comes under the direct jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate.

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Grenada
English: Grenada
Widely recognized member of the UN. Grenada is a Commonwealth realm.[4]

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Guatemala – Republic of Guatemala
Spanish: Guatemala – República de Guatemala
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Guinea – Republic of Guinea
French: Guinée – République de Guinée
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Guinea-Bissau – Republic of Guinea-Bissau
Portuguese: Guiné-Bissau – República da Guiné-Bissau
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Guyana – Co-operative Republic of Guyana
English: Guyana – Co-operative Republic of Guyana
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:17 pm

H

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Haiti – Republic of Haiti
French: Haïti – République d'Haïti
Haitian Creole: Ayiti – Repiblik dAyiti
Widely recognized member of the UN. Haiti claims the uninhabited United States possession of Navassa Island.[8]

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Holy See Vatican City

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Honduras – Republic of Honduras
Spanish: Honduras – República de Honduras
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Hungary – Republic of Hungary
Hungarian: Magyarország – Magyar Köztársaság
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9]

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:18 pm

I

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Iceland – Republic of Iceland
Icelandic: Ísland – Lýðveldið Ísland
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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India – Republic of India
Hindi: भारत – भारत गणराज्य
Bhārat – Bhārat Ganarājya
English: India – Republic of India
Assamese: ভাৰত - ভাৰত গণৰাজ্য
Bhārat – Bhārat Gaṇarājya
Bengali: ভারত - ভারতীয় প্রজাতন্ত্র
Bhārot - Bhārotiya Projātôntro
Bhojpuri: भारत - भारत गणराज्य
Bhārat – Bhārat Ganarājya
Gujarati: ભારત - ભારતીય પ્રજાસત્તાક
Bhārat - Bhārtiya Prajāsattāk
Kannada : ಭಾರತ - ಭಾರತ ಗಣರಾಜ್ಯ
Bhārata - Bhārata Gaṇarājya
Kashmiri: ہِندوستان
Hindustān
Konkani: भारत - भारत गणराज्य
Malayalam: ഭാരതം - ഭാരത ഗണരാജ്യം
Meitei Manipuri: ভারত - ভারত গণরাজ্য
Marathi: भारत - भारतीय प्रजासत्ताक
Nepali: भारत - भारत गणराज्य
Oriya: ଭାରତ - ଭାରତ ଗଣରାଜ୍ଯ
Punjabi: ਭਾਰਤ - ਭਾਰਤ ਗਣਤੰਤਰ
Sanskrit: भारतम् - भारत गणराज्यम्
Sindhi: भारत गणराज्य, ڀارت، - هندستانڀارت، भारत ڀارت،
Tamil: இந்தியா - இந்தியக் குடியரசு
Telugu: భారత్ - భారత గణతంత్ర రాజ్యము
Urdu: جمہوریہ بھارت - جمہوریہ بھارت
Widely recognized member of the UN. India is a federation[7] divided into states and union territories. The Indian sovereignty over Arunachal Pradesh is disputed by the People's Republic of China.[8] India claims sovereignty over all of Jammu and Kashmir and administers part of Kashmir.[21]

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Indonesia – Republic of Indonesia
Indonesian: Indonesia – Republik Indonesia
Widely recognized member of the UN. Indonesia has five provinces with special status, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, Yogyakarta Special Region, Papua, West Papua, and Jakarta Special Capital Region.[5] Separatist governments in exile claim independence for the Republic of the South Moluccas, the Republic of West Papua, and the Sultanate of Nanggroe Aceh Darusalam.[29]

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Iran – Islamic Republic of Iran
Persian: ایران – جمهوری اسلامی ایران
Īrān – Jomhūri-ye Eslāmi-ye Īrān Widely recognized member of the UN. Divided into provinces and counties

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Iraq – Republic of Iraq
Arabic: العراق – جمهورية العراق
Al-ʿIrāq – Jumhūrīyat Al-`Irāq
Kurdish: عێراق – كۆماری عێراق
ʿÎraq – Komara `Îraqê Widely recognized member of the UN. Iraq's constitution labels the country as a federation[7][30] divided into regions, governorates and the capital district. At present the only region is Iraqi Kurdistan.

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Ireland[31]
Irish: Éire
English: Ireland
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9]

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Israel – State of Israel
Hebrew: ישראל – מדינת ישראל
Yisra'el – Medinat Yisra'el
Arabic: اسرائيل – دولة اسرائيل
Isrā'īl – Dawlat Isrā'īl Widely recognized member of the UN.[32] Israel occupies East Jerusalem, the Golan Heights and parts of the West Bank. These areas are not internationally recognized as being part of Israel.[8] Israel no longer has a permanent military presence in the Gaza Strip, following its unilateral disengagement but is still the occupying power under International law, though this status is disputed.[33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42] For more information, see also: Palestinian National Authority.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Italy – Italian Republic
Italian: Italia – Repubblica Italiana
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9] Italy has autonomous regions, Aosta Valley, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sardinia, Sicily and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.[5]

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Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:18 pm

J

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Jamaica
English: Jamaica
Widely recognized member of the UN. Jamaica is a Commonwealth realm.[4]

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Japan
Japanese: 日本 – 日本国
Nihon/Nippon – Nihon-koku/Nippon-koku [43] Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Jordan – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Arabic: الاردن – المملكة الأردنّيّة الهاشميّة
Al-Urdunn – Al-Mamlakah al-Urdunniyyah al-Hāshimiyyah Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:18 pm

K

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Kazakhstan – Republic of Kazakhstan
Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасы/Qazaqstan Respwblïkası
Russian: Республика Казахстан/Respublika Kazakhstan
Ukrainian: Казахстан - Республіка Казахстан
German: Kasachstan - Republik Kasachstan
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Kenya – Republic of Kenya
English: Kenya – Republic of Kenya
Swahili: Kenya – Jamhuri ya Kenya
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Kiribati – Republic of Kiribati
Gilbertese: Kiribati – Ribaberikin Kiribati
English: Kiribati – Republic of Kiribati
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Korea, North – Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Korean: 조선 – 조선민주주의인민공화국
Chosŏn – Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Korea, South – Republic of Korea
Korean: 한국 – 대한민국
Hanguk – Daehan Minguk Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Kosovo Other states

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Kuwait – State of Kuwait
Arabic: الكويت – دولة الكويت
Al-Kuwayt – Dawlat al-Kuwayt Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyz Republic
Kyrgyz: Кыргызстан – Кыргыз Республикасы
Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyz Respublikasy
Russian: Кыргызстан – Кыргызская республика
Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyzskaya respublika Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:19 pm

L

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Laos – Lao People's Democratic Republic
Lao: ນລາວ – ສາທາລະນະລັດປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ
Lao – Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Latvia – Republic of Latvia
Latvian: Latvija – Latvijas Republika
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9]

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Lebanon – Republic of Lebanon
Arabic: لبنان – الجمهوريّة اللبنانيّة
Lubnān – Al-Jumhūriyyah al-Lubnāniyyah
French: République libanaise
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Lesotho – Kingdom of Lesotho
English: Lesotho – Kingdom of Lesotho
Sotho: Lesotho – Mmuso wa Lesotho
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Liberia – Republic of Liberia
English: Liberia – Republic of Liberia
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Libya – Socialist People's Libyan Arab Great Jamahiriya
Arabic: ليبيا – الجماهيرية العربية الليبية الشعبية الإشتراكية العظمى
Lībiyā – al-Jamāhīrīyah al-‘Arabīyah al-Lībīyah ash-Sha‘bīyah al-Ishtirākīyah al-`Uzmā Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Liechtenstein – Principality of Liechtenstein
German: Liechtenstein – Fürstentum Liechtenstein
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Lithuania – Republic of Lithuania
Lithuanian: Lietuva – Lietuvos Respublika
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9]

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Luxembourg – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg – Groussherzogdem Lëtzebuerg
French: Luxembourg – Grand-Duché du Luxembourg
German: Luxemburg – Großherzogtum Luxemburg
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:19 pm

M

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Macedonia[44] – Republic of Macedonia
Macedonian:[45] Македонија – Република Македонија
Makedonija – Republika Makedonija Widely recognized member of the UN, provisionally referred to by many international organisations and some countries as the "former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", see Macedonia naming dispute.

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Madagascar – Republic of Madagascar
Malagasy: Madagasikara – Repoblikan'i Madagasikara
French: Madagascar – Republique de Madagascar
Widely recognized member of the UN. Madagascar claims the French possessions of the Glorioso Islands and Juan de Nova Island.[8]

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Malawi – Republic of Malawi
English: Malawi – Republic of Malawi
Chewa: Malaŵi – Mfuko la Malaŵi
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Malaysia
Malay: Malaysia
Tamil: மலேசியா
Chinese: 马来西亚 - Mă Lái Xī Yà
Widely recognized member of the UN. Malaysia is a federation[7] divided into states and federal territories. Malaysia claims part of the Spratly Islands.[12]

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Maldives – Republic of Maldives
Dhivehi: ދިވެހިރާއްޖޭގެ ޖުމްހޫރިއްޔާ
Divehi Rājje – Divehi Rājje ge Jumhuriyyā Widely recognized member of the UN.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Mali – Republic of Mali
French: Mali – République du Mali
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Malta – Republic of Malta
Maltese: Malta – Repubblika ta' Malta
English: Malta – Republic of Malta
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9]

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Marshall Islands – Republic of the Marshall Islands
Marshallese: Aorōkin M̧ajeļ – Aolepān Aorōkin M̧ajeļ
English: Marshall Islands – Republic of the Marshall Islands
Widely recognized member of the UN under Compact of Free Association with the United States. The Marshall Islands claim the United States territory of Wake Island.[8]

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Mauritania – Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Arabic: موريتانيا – الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية
Mūrītāniyā – l-Jumhūriyyah al-Islāmiyyah al-Mūrītāniyyah
French: Mauritanie – République Islamique de la Mauritanie
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Mauritius – Republic of Mauritius
English: Mauritius – Republic of Mauritius
Widely recognized member of the UN. Mauritius has an autonomous island, Rodrigues.[5] Mauritius claims the British Indian Ocean Territory and the French island of Tromelin.[8]

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Mexico – United Mexican States
Spanish: México – Estados Unidos Mexicanos
Widely recognized member of the UN. Mexico is a federation[7] divided into states and one federal district.

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Micronesia – Federated States of Micronesia
English: Micronesia – Federated States of Micronesia
Widely recognized member of the UN under Compact of Free Association with the United States. Micronesia is a federation[7] divided into states.

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Moldova – Republic of Moldova
Romanian[46]: Moldova – Republica Moldova
Widely recognized member of the UN. See Transnistria for the de facto state inside the de jure territory of Moldova.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Monaco – Principality of Monaco
French: Monaco – Principauté de Monaco
Monegasque: Múnegu – Principatu de Múnegu
Italian: Monaco - Principato di Monaco
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Mongolia
Mongolian: Монгол Улс
Mongol Uls Widely recognized member of the UN.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Montenegro
Montenegrian: Црна Гора
Crna Gora Widely recognized member of the UN.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Morocco – Kingdom of Morocco
Arabic: المغرب – المملكة المغربية
al-Maġrib – Al-Mamlakah al-Maġribiyyah Widely recognized member of the UN. Morocco claims sovereignty over the Western Sahara and controls most of it, which is disputed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. Morocco disputes the Spanish sovereignty over Ceuta, Isla de Alborán, Isla Perejil, Islas Chafarinas, Melilla and Peñón de Alhucemas.[8]

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Mozambique – Republic of Mozambique
Portuguese: Moçambique – República de Moçambique
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Myanmar Burma

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:20 pm

N

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Nagorno-Karabakh Other states

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Namibia – Republic of Namibia
English: Namibia – Republic of Namibia
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Nauru – Republic of Nauru
Nauruan: Naoero – Ripublik Naoero
English: Nauru – Republic of Nauru
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Nepal – Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Nepali: नेपाल – संघिय लोकतन्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल
Nepāl – Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl Widely recognized member of the UN.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Netherlands – Kingdom of the Netherlands
Dutch: Nederland – Koninkrijk der Nederlanden
Papiamentu: Hulanda (or Ulanda) - Reino di Hulanda
English Netherlands - Kingdom of the Netherlands
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9] Legally the Netherlands refers to the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, with the latter consisting of one European country:
Netherlands
and the two overseas (associated) countries:

Aruba
Netherlands Antilles (Nederlandse Antillen)


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

New Zealand
English: New Zealand
Māori: Aotearoa
Widely recognized member of the UN. New Zealand is a Commonwealth realm[4] and has responsibilities for the two free associated states of:
Cook Islands. The Cook Islands have received some diplomatic recognition[47]
Niue. Niue established diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China in 2007[48], while New Zealand has responsibility for Niue's external affairs.
The dependent territory of:

Tokelau[49]
New Zealand also claims sovereignty over parts of Antarctica as:

Ross Dependency


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Nicaragua – Republic of Nicaragua
Spanish: Nicaragua – República de Nicaragua
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Niger – Republic of Niger
French: Niger – République du Niger
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Nigeria – Federal Republic of Nigeria
English: Nigeria – Federal Republic of Nigeria
Hausa: Najeriya - Kasar Najeriya
Yorùbá: Naìjírìà - Orílẹ̀-èdè Olómìnira Àpapọ̀ Ilẹ̀ Naìjírìà
Igbo: Naigeria - Repubic ndi Naigeria
Widely recognized member of the UN. Nigeria is a federation[7] divided into 36 states and one federal territory.

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Northern Cyprus Other states

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North Korea Korea, Democratic People's Republic of

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Norway – Kingdom of Norway
Norwegian: Norge – Kongeriket Norge
Widely recognized member of the UN. Svalbard is an integral part of Norway, but has a special status due to the Spitsbergen Treaty. The overseas uninhabited possessions of Bouvet Island and Jan Mayen are integral parts of Norway. The Norwegian claim of Peter I Island and Queen Maud Land (Antarctica) as part of Norway is suspended.[50]

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:20 pm

O

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Oman – Sultanate of Oman
Arabic: عُمان – سلطنة عُمان
ʿUmān – Saltanat ʿUmān Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:21 pm

P

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Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Urdu: پاکستان – اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاکستان
Pākistān – Islami Jomhuri-ye Pākistān
English: Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Widely recognized member of the UN. Pakistan is a federation[7] divided into provinces and territories. Pakistan claims sovereignty over and administers part of Kashmir.[21]

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Palau – Republic of Palau
Palauan: Belau – Beluu er a Belau
English: Palau – Republic of Palau
Widely recognized member of the UN under Compact of Free Association with the United States.

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The Palestinian National Authority Other states

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Panama – Republic of Panama
Spanish: Panamá – República de Panamá
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Papua New Guinea – Independent State of Papua New Guinea
English: Papua New Guinea – Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Tok Pisin: Papua Niugini – Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini
Widely recognized member of the UN. Papua New Guinea is a Commonwealth realm[4] and also has the autonomous Region of Bougainville.[5]

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Paraguay – Republic of Paraguay
Spanish: Paraguay – República del Paraguay
Guarani: Paraguái – Tetã Paraguái
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Persia Iran

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Peru – Republic of Peru
Spanish: Perú – República del Perú
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Philippines – Republic of the Philippines
Filipino: Pilipinas – Republika ng Pilipinas
English: Philippines – Republic of the Philippines
Spanish: Filipinas - República de Filipinas
Widely recognized member of the UN, ASEAN and APEC. The Philippines has the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.[5] The Philippines claims sovereignty over the Spratly Islands, Scarborough Shoal and Sabah. The Sabah is currently administered by Malaysia.[12]

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Poland – Republic of Poland
Polish: Polska – Rzeczpospolita Polska
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Portugal – Portuguese Republic
Portuguese: Portugal – República Portuguesa
Mirandese: Pertual – República Pertuesa
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9] Portugal has two autonomous regions:
Azores
Madeira
Portugal does not recognize Spanish sovereignty over:

Olivenza
Táliga


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Pridnestrovie Other states, Transnistria

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:21 pm

Q

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Qatar – State of Qatar
Arabic: قطر – دولة قطر
Qatar – Dawlat Qatar Widely recognized member of the UN.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:21 pm

R

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Romania
Romanian: România
Hungarian: Románia
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9]

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Russia – Russian Federation
Russian: Россия – Российская Федерация
Rossiya – Rossiyskaya Federatsiya Widely recognized member of the UN. Russia is a federation[7][51] divided into Subjects of Russia (oblasts, republics, autonomous okrugs, krays, and federal cities).
Several of the federal subjects are republics:[5]
Adygea
Altai Republic
Bashkortostan
Buryatia
Chechnya
Chuvashia
Dagestan
Ingushetia
Kabardino-Balkaria
Kalmykia
Karachay-Cherkessia
Karelia
Khakassia
Komi
Mari El
Mordovia
North Ossetia-Alania
Sakha Republic
Tatarstan
Tuva
Udmurtia


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Rwanda – Republic of Rwanda
KinyaRwanda: Rwanda – Repubulika y'u Rwanda
French: Rwanda – République du Rwanda
English: Rwanda – Republic of Rwanda
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:22 pm

S
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Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Other states

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Saint Kitts and Nevis – Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
English: Saint Kitts and Nevis – Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
Widely recognized member of the UN. Saint Kitts and Nevis is a Commonwealth realm[4] and is a federation[7] of the islands.

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Saint Lucia
English: Saint Lucia
Widely recognized member of the UN. Saint Lucia is a Commonwealth realm.[4]

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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
English: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Widely recognized member of the UN. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a Commonwealth realm.[4]

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Samoa – Independent State of Samoa
Samoan: Sāmoa – Mālo Tuto'atasi o Sāmoa
English: Samoa – Independent State of Samoa
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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San Marino – Republic of San Marino
Italian: San Marino – Repubblica di San Marino
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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São Tomé and Príncipe – Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
Portuguese: São Tomé e Príncipe – República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe
Widely recognized member of the UN. São Tomé and Príncipe has an autonomous province, Príncipe.[5]

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Saudi Arabia – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Arabic: السعودية – المملكة العربيّة السّعوديّة
as-Saʿūdiyyah – Al-Mamlakah al-'Arabiyyah as-Sa'ūdiyyah Widely recognized member of the UN.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Senegal – Republic of Senegal
French: Sénégal – République du Sénégal
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Serbia – Republic of Serbia
Serbian: Србија – Република Србија
Srbija – Republika Srbija
Hungarian: Szerbia – Szerb Köztársaság
Widely recognized member of the UN. Serbia considers itself to have two autonomous provinces,[5] though most of Kosovo is under the de facto control of the Republic of Kosovo, which does not have general recognition.
Kosovo and Metohija
Vojvodina


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Seychelles – Republic of Seychelles
English: Seychelles – Republic of Seychelles
French: Seychelles – République des Seychelles
Seselwa: Sesel - Repiblik Sesel
Widely recognized member of the UN. The Seychelles claim the British Indian Ocean Territory and the French Glorioso Islands and Tromelin Island.[8]

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Sierra Leone – Republic of Sierra Leone
English: Sierra Leone – Republic of Sierra Leone
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Singapore – Republic of Singapore
English: Singapore – Republic of Singapore
Malay: Singapura – Republik Singapura
Chinese: 新加坡 – 新加坡共和国
Xīnjīapō – Xīnjīapō Gònghéguó
Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் – சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு
Ciŋkappūr – Ciŋkappūr Kudiyarasu Widely recognized member of the UN.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Slovakia – Slovak Republic
Slovak: Slovensko – Slovenská republika
Hungarian: Szlovákia - Szlovák Köztársaság
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Slovenia – Republic of Slovenia
Slovenian: Slovenija – Republika Slovenija
Italian: Slovenia - Repubblica slovena
Hungarian: Szlovénia – a Szlovén Köztársaság
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9]

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Solomon Islands
English: Solomon Islands
Widely recognized member of the UN. The Solomon Islands is a Commonwealth realm.[4]

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Somalia – Federal Republic of Somalia
Somali: Soomaaliya – Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya
Arabic: الصومال – جمهورية الصومال
As-Sūmāl – Jumhūriyyat aṣ-Ṣūmāl Widely recognized member of the UN. Somalia is presently fragmented with its Transitional National Government. Somalia disputed the Yemenite sovereignty over Socotra.[8] See Somaliland for the de facto country inside the de jure territory of Somalia.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

South Africa – Republic of South Africa
English: South Africa – Republic of South Africa
Afrikaans: Suid-Afrika – Republiek van Suid-Afrika
Xhosa: Mzantsi Afrika – IRiphabliki yaseMzantsi Afrika
Zulu: Ningizimu Afrika – IRiphabliki yaseNingizimu Afrika
Southern Ndebele: Sewula Afrika – IRiphabliki yeSewula Afrika
Northern Sotho: Afrika-Borwa – Rephaboliki ya Afrika-Borwa
Sotho: Afrika Borwa – Rephaboliki ya Afrika Borwa
Tswana: Aforika Borwa – Rephaboliki ya Aforika Borwa
Swati: Ningizimu Afrika – IRiphabhulikhi yeNingizimu Afrika
Venda: Afurika Tshipembe – Riphabuḽiki ya Afurika Tshipembe
Tsonga: Afrika Dzonga – Riphabliki ra Afrika Dzonga
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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South Korea Korea, Republic of

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South Ossetia Other states

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Spain – Kingdom of Spain
Spanish: España – Reino de España
Catalan: Espanya – Regne d'Espanya
Basque: Espainia – Espainiako Erresuma
Galician: España – Reino de España
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9] Spain is divided into autonomous communities and cities. The sovereignty over Ceuta, Isla de Alborán, Isla Perejil, Islas Chafarinas, Melilla and Peñón de Alhucemas is disputed by Morocco. The sovereignty over Olivenza and Táliga is disputed by Portugal. Spain disputes the British sovereignty over Gibraltar.[8]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Sri Lanka – Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා – ශ්‍රී ලංකා ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය
Sri Lankā – Sri Lankā Prajathanthrika Samajavadi Janarajaya
Tamil: இலங்கை – இலங்கை ஜனநாயக சமத்துவ குடியரசு
Llankai – Illankai Chananaayaka Chosalisa Kudiyarasu Widely recognized member of the UN. Located on the better-known Island of Ceylon.

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Sudan – Republic of the Sudan
Arabic: السودان – جمهورية السودان
As-Sūdān – Jumhūrīyat as-Sūdān
English: Sudan – Republic of the Sudan
Widely recognized member of the UN. Sudan is a federation[7] divided into states and has one autonomous region, Southern Sudan, formed out of the Southern Sudanese states.[5]

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Suriname – Republic of Suriname
Dutch: Suriname – Republiek Suriname
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Swaziland – Kingdom of Swaziland
English: Swaziland – Kingdom of Swaziland
Swati: eSwatini – Umbuso weSwatini
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Sweden – Kingdom of Sweden
Swedish: Sverige – Konungariket Sverige
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9]

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Switzerland – Swiss Confederation
German: Schweiz – Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft
French: Suisse – Confédération Suisse
Italian: Svizzera – Confederazione Svizzera
Raeto-Romance: Svizra – Confederaziun Svizra
Latin: Confoederatio Helvetica
Widely recognized member of the UN. Switzerland is a federation[7] divided into cantons.

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Syria – Syrian Arab Republic
Arabic: سورية – الجمهوريّة العربيّة السّوريّة
Sūriyah – Al-Jumhūriyyah al-'Arabiyyah as-Sūriyyah Widely recognized member of the UN. The Golan is occupied by Israel. Syria disputed the Turkish sovereignty over Hatay Province.[8]

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:22 pm

T

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Taiwan Other states

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Tajikistan – Republic of Tajikistan
Tajik: Тоҷикистон – Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон
Tojikiston – Jumhurii Tojikiston Widely recognized member of the UN. Tajikistan also has the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province.[5]

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Tanzania – United Republic of Tanzania
Swahili: Tanzania – Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
English: Tanzania – United Republic of Tanzania
Widely recognized member of the UN. Tanzania is a federacy with an autonomous status for Zanzibar.[5]

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Thailand – Kingdom of Thailand
Thai: ประเทศไทย – ราชอาณาจักรไทย
Prathēt Thai – Rātcha Anāchak Thai Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Timor-Leste East Timor

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Togo – Togolese Republic
French: Togo – République Togolaise
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Tonga – Kingdom of Tonga
Tongan: Tonga – Pule'anga Fakatu'i 'o Tonga
English: Tonga – Kingdom of Tonga
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Transnistria Other states

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Trinidad and Tobago – Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
English: Trinidad and Tobago – Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Widely recognized member of the UN. Trinidad and Tobago has an autonomous island, Tobago.[5]

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Tunisia – Republic of Tunisia
Arabic: تونس – الجمهورية التونسية
Tūnis – Al-Jumhūriyyah at-Tūnisiyyah
French: Tunisie - République du Tunisie
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Turkey – Republic of Turkey
Turkish: Türkiye – Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Turkmenistan
Turkmenian: Türkmenistan
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Tuvalu
Tuvaluan and English: Tuvalu
Widely recognized member of the UN. Tuvalu is a Commonwealth realm.[4]

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:23 pm

U

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Uganda – Republic of Uganda
English: Uganda – Republic of Uganda
Swahili: Uganda – Jamhuri ya Uganda
Widely recognized member of the UN.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ukraine
Ukrainian: Україна
Ukrajina Widely recognized member of the UN. Ukraine has one autonomous republic:[5]
Crimea


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United Arab Emirates
Arabic: دولة الإمارات العربيّة المتّحدة
-Dawlat Al-Imārāt Al-`Arabiyyah Al-Muttahidah Widely recognized member of the UN. The United Arab Emirates is a federation[7] divided into emirates.

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United Kingdom – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
English: United Kingdom – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Welsh: Teyrnas Unedig Prydain Fawr a Gogledd Iwerddon
Scottish Gaelic: An Rìoghachd Aonaichte na Breatainn Mhòr agus Èirinn a Tuath
Irish: Ríocht Aontaithe na Breataine Móire agus Thuaisceart Éireann
Scots: Unitit Kinrick o Great Breetain an Northren Ireland
Cornish: Ruwvaneth Unys Breten Veur hag Iwerdhon Gledh
Widely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[9] The United Kingdom is a Commonwealth realm[4] divided into four parts. The United Kingdom has the following overseas territories:
Akrotiri and Dhekelia
Anguilla
Bermuda
British Indian Ocean Territory (disputed by Mauritius and the Seychelles)[8]
British Virgin Islands
Cayman Islands
Falkland Islands (disputed by Argentina)[8]
Gibraltar (disputed by Spain)[8]
Montserrat
Pitcairn Islands
Saint Helena (with its dependencies of Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha)
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (disputed by Argentina)[8]
Turks and Caicos Islands[8]
British Antarctic Territory (disputed)
The British Monarch has direct sovereignty over these, which are mostly self-governing:

Guernsey, with three dependencies:
Alderney
Herm
Sark
Isle of Man
Jersey


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United States – United States of America
English: United States – United States of America
Widely recognized member of the UN. The United States is a federation[7] divided into 50 states, one federal district, and one incorporated territory (Palmyra Atoll). The United States has sovereignty over the following inhabited possessions and commonwealths:
Puerto Rico
U.S. Virgin Islands
Guam
American Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands
In addition, there are uninhabited possessions of the United States in the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea: Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Petrel Islands (disputed with Colombia and Jamaica), Serranilla Bank (disputed with Colombia), Wake Island (somewhat disputed by the Marshall Islands) as well as Navassa Island (disputed by Haiti).[8]


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Uruguay – Eastern Republic of Uruguay
Spanish: Uruguay – República Oriental del Uruguay
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Uzbekistan – Republic of Uzbekistan
Uzbek: Ўзбекистон – Ўзбекистон Республикаси
O'zbekiston – O‘zbekiston Respublikasi Widely recognized member of the UN. Uzbekistan has one autonomous republic:[5]
Karakalpakstan


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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:23 pm

V

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Vanuatu – Republic of Vanuatu
Bislama: Vanuatu – Ripablik blong Vanuatu
English: Vanuatu – Republic of Vanuatu
French: Vanuatu – République du Vanuatu
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Vatican City – State of the Vatican City
Latin: Civitas Vaticana – Status Civitatis Vaticanæ
Italian: Città del Vaticano – Stato della Città del Vaticano
Widely recognized country. The Holy See, a sovereign entity recognized by 176 countries, administers the territory of Vatican City; the Holy See is a permanent observer of the UN. Vatican City is governed by officials appointed by the Pope, with the latter being the Bishop of the Archdiocese of Rome and therefore, ex officio sovereign of Vatican City. The Holy See also administers a number of extraterritorial properties in Italy and in many other countries (Apostolic Nunciatures).

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Venezuela – Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
Spanish: Venezuela – República Bolivariana de Venezuela
Widely recognized member of the UN. Venezuela is a federation[7] divided into states, one federal dependency and one federal district.

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Vietnam – Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Vietnamese: Việt Nam – Cộng hòa Xã hội Chủ nghĩa Việt Nam
Widely recognized member of the UN. Vietnam claims sovereignty over the Paracel[20] and Spratly Islands.[12]

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:23 pm

W

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:24 pm

X

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:24 pm

Y

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Yemen – Republic of Yemen
Arabic: اليمن – الجمهوريّة اليمنية
Al-Yaman – Al-Jumhūriyyah al-Yamaniyyah Widely recognized member of the UN. The Yemenite sovereignty over Socotra is disputed by Somalia.[8]

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:24 pm

Z

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Zambia – Republic of Zambia
English: Zambia – Republic of Zambia
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Zimbabwe – Republic of Zimbabwe
English: Zimbabwe – Republic of Zimbabwe
Widely recognized member of the UN.

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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:25 pm

Other states
For a more comprehensive list, see List of states with limited recognition
This annex lists states that claim sovereignty and have control over (part of) their claimed territories, but due to disputes over their legitimacy, do not have normal diplomatic relations with the majority of sovereign states. Entities considered to be micronations are not included.


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Abkhazia: Republic of Abkhazia
Abkhaz: Аҧсны – Аҧснытәи Республика
Apsny – Apsnytei Respublika
Russian: Aбхазия – Республика Абхазия
Abkhaziya – Respublika Abkhaziya De facto independent state only recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, South Ossetia and Transnistria.[52] Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.

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Kosovo – Republic of Kosovo
Albanian: Kosovës – Republika e Kosovës
Serbian: Косово – Република Косово
Kosovo – Republika Kosovo De facto independent state that is recognised by 62 UN member states and by the Republic of China. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Serbia as part of its Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija. In turn, the Republic of Kosovo claims the part of Kosovo controlled by the Republic of Serbia and still administered by the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK).

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Nagorno-Karabakh – Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
Armenian: Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ – Լեռնային Ղարաբաղի Հանրապետություն
Leṙnalin Ġarabaġ – Leṙnayin Ġarabaġi Hanrapetut‘yun De facto independent state that has not been diplomatically recognized by any other state. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Azerbaijan.[53]

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Northern Cyprus – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs – Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti
De facto independent state that is recognised only by Turkey. It was accepted as an observer state of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference under the name of the Turkish Cypriot State since 1979. In addition, the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic regards TRNC as sovereign but Azerbaijan (the sovereign state that Nakhichevan belongs to) has not followed suit. Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.[54]

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Palestine[55][56]
Arabic: فلسطين
Filastīn Palestine has observer status at United Nations General Assembly and maintains a permanent observer mission at the UN Headquarters[57] The declared State of Palestine is recognized by more than 100 countries, though with varying territorial borders, or even none. In foreign relations, the State of Palestine is represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization. The Palestinian National Authority is an interim administrative body formed as a result of the Oslo Accords that exercises limited control over parts of Occupied Palestinian Territory, the rest of which is controlled by Israel.

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SADR – Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Arabic: الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية
Al-Jumhūrīya al-`Arabīya as-Sahrāwīya ad-Dīmuqrātīya De facto independent state recognized by 46 other states. It is a member of the African Union and the Asian-African Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 Asian-African Conference. The territories under its control, the so-called Free Zone, are claimed in whole by Morocco as part of its Southern Provinces. In turn, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claims the part of the Western Sahara to the west of the Moroccan Wall controlled by Morocco. Its government resides in exile in Algeria.

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Somaliland – Republic of Somaliland
Somali: Soomaaliland – Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland
Arabic: ارض الصومال – جمهورية ارض الصومال
Ard as-Sūmāl – Jumhūrīyat Ard as-Sūmāl De facto independent state not diplomatically recognized by any other state, claimed in whole by the Somali Republic.[58]

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South Ossetia – Republic of South Ossetia
Ossetian: Хуссар Ирыстон – Республикæ Хуссар Ирыстон
Khussar Iryston – Respublikæ Khussar Iryston
Russian: Южная Осетия – Республика Южная Осетия
Yuzhnaya Osetiya – Respublika Yuzhnaya Osetiya De facto independent state only recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Abkhazia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.[52]

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Taiwan – Republic of China[15]
Chinese: 臺灣 / 台灣 – 中華民國
Táiwan – Zhōnghuá Mínguó[59] A state competing for recognition with the People's Republic of China as the government of China since 1949. The Republic of China controls the island of Taiwan and associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas, and part of the Spratly Islands[12] and has not renounced claims over the territory of the PRC and Mongolia.[60] The Republic of China is currently recognised by 23 states including the Vatican City. The territory of the Republic of China is claimed in whole by the People's Republic of China.[19] The Republic of China participates in a number of non-UN international organizations such as the World Trade Organization, International Olympic Committee and others under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly Chinese Taipei.

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Transnistria – Transnistrian Moldovan Republic (Pridnestrovie, Trans-Dniester)
Russian: Приднестровье: Приднестровская Молдавская Республика
Pridnestrovye – Pridnestrovskaya Moldavskaya Respublika
Ukrainian: Придністров'я: Придністровська Молдавська Республіка
Pridnistrov'ya – ridnistrovs'ka Moldavs'ka Respublika
Romanian: Нистря: Република Молдовеняскэ Нистрянэ
Nistria – Republica Moldovenească Nistreană De facto independent state, recognized only by Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Moldova as the Territorial Unit of Transnistria.[61]


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Re: List of Countries & its' Languages

Post by General DaVorlio on 27th September 2009, 3:26 pm

Criteria for inclusion
This list derives its definition of a state from Article 1 of the Montevideo Convention of 1933. According to the Convention, a state should possess the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population, (b) a defined territory, (c) government, and (d) capacity to enter into relations with the other states. In respect of the last qualification, the role of recognition by other states can often be crucial since it implies acceptance into the international community.[62] The list includes all states which are often regarded as satisfying these criteria and claim to be sovereign and independent. However, in many cases, whether an entity satisfies the Montevideo Convention criteria is disputed. It is also important to note that there is a divergence of opinion in international law on whether the Montevideo Convention criteria alone are sufficient qualities of statehood. Links to different theories on this question are provided below.

On the basis of the above criteria, this list includes the following 203 entities:

193 sovereign states with general international recognition:
192 member states of the United Nations
One state with general international recognition, governed by the Holy See (a UN permanent observer): Vatican City
10 sovereign states lacking general international recognition, none of which are members of the United Nations:
One state with diplomatic relations with more than 100 states and informal relations with 25 others, governed by the Palestinian National Authority and the Palestine Liberation Organization (a UN permanent observer): Palestine
One state, recognized by 62 United Nations member states and by Taiwan, informal relations with six others: Kosovo
One state, recognized by 46 other states, a member of the African Union, in partial control of the Western Sahara (listed by the United Nations as a non self-governing territory): the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
One state, competing for recognition with another state, currently recognised as the state representing China by 23 UN members, but no longer recognised by the United Nations as of 25 October 1971: the Republic of China
Two states, recognized by three UN member states, by Transnistria and by the other of the two: Abkhazia and South Ossetia
One state, recognized by one UN member state and having informal relations with 19 more: the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Two states, recognized by Abkhazia, South Ossetia and by the other of the two: Transnistria and Nagorno-Karabakh
One state not recognized by any other state: Somaliland
Entities considered to be micronations that are not internationally recognized are not included.

Unlisted above are the following noteworthy entities that do not satisfy all the qualifications in the Montevideo Convention:

Antarctica as a whole has no government and no permanent population. Seven countries claim parts of Antarctica and five of these have reciprocally recognized one another's claims.[63] These claims, which are regulated by the Antarctic Treaty System, are not recognised by any other country.[64]
The European Union, a sui generis supranational organization which currently has 27 member states. The member states have transferred a measure of their legislative, executive, and judicial powers to the institutions of the EU, and as such the EU has some characteristics of a sovereign state, without generally being considered a sovereign state. The European Union does not claim to be a sovereign state and has only limited capacity for relations with other states.
The subnational entities called States, in the United States, Australia, and other countries, for which, see: State (administrative division). Most such subnational entities do not form relations with foreign states, but there have been exceptions; the member states of the German Empire had consulates abroad, and Ukraine and Belorussia (now Belarus), then a part of the Soviet Union, were founding members of the United Nations.
The Sovereign Military Order of Malta is a UN observer member and is recognized by 103 states, but has no territory other than extraterritorial areas within Rome. It claims to be a traditional example of a sovereign entity other than a sovereign state.[65]
[edit] See also
Constitutive theory of statehood
Declarative theory of statehood
Gallery of sovereign-state flags
Lists of countries
List of international rankings
List of micronations
List of statistically superlative countries
[edit] Notes
^ The names of the items in the list are given in English and include both an English version of the short official names (e.g. Afghanistan) and an English version of the (longer) official names (e.g. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan), as well as the same names in the (de jure or de facto) official languages on national level of the entity. Main source for the names in the official languages are the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the CIA World Fact Book (both retrieved 14 August 2007). If needed, they have been transliterated into Romanized characters, but original scripts (such as Cyrillic or Chinese characters) are included. When possible, the Romanization preferred by the country has been used.The sources for both flag and names, official languages and Romanizations are the main articles on these entities. When other sources are used, these sources are mentioned. See for a gallery of flags Gallery of sovereign-state flags.
^ Information is included on
the extent of recognition and membership of the United Nations (Source: the website of the UN).
the reason a non-de jure state is listed. More information can be found at the list of states with limited recognition.
the overseas dependencies. Some sovereign states have overseas dependencies, generally not part of the territory of the state. More information can be found at the List of dependent countries.
the federal structures if applicable. Some sovereign states have more or less federal structures. More information can be found at a List of federations.
the autonomous areas inside the territory of the sovereign state. Some sovereign states have one or more autonomous areas as part of the their territory; see List of autonomous areas by country.
List of territorial disputes
separatist governments in exile.
^ a b More information on separatism can be found at the List of active autonomist and secessionist movements and the main articles.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p The Commonwealth realms are members of the Commonwealth of Nations in which the head of state is Queen Elizabeth II. The realms are sovereign states, see Sovereignty of the Realms.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u For more information on divisions with a high degree of autonomy, see the List of autonomous areas by country.
^ Argentina is also named Argentine Nation for purposes of legislation.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w More information on more or less federal structures can be found at a List of federations.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u More information on territorial disputes can be found at the List of territorial disputes and the main articles.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa The member countries of the European Union transferred part of their sovereignty in the form of legislative, executive, and judicial powers to the institutions of the EU.
^ Formerly referred to as Dahomey, its official name until 1975.
^ For more information about the division of Bosnia and Herzegovina, see Dayton Agreement and the text of The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
^ a b c d e f The sovereignty over the Spratly Islands is disputed by People's Republic of China, the Republic of China, Vietnam, the Philippines (part), Malaysia (part), and Brunei (part). Except Brunei, each of these countries occupies part of the islands (see List of territorial disputes).
^ Also known as Burkina; formerly referred to as Upper Volta, its official name until 1984.
^ The legal name for Canada is the sole word; an officially sanctioned, though disused, name is Dominion of Canada (which includes its legal title); see: Name of Canada, Dominion.
^ a b The People's Republic of China (PRC) is commonly referred to as China, while the Republic of China (ROC) is commonly referred to as Taiwan. The ROC is also occasionally known diplomatically as Chinese Taipei, along with other names.
^ The People's Republic of China is currently not recognized by 23 UN member states and the Holy See, which recognize the Republic of China. See: Dates of establishment of diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China and Foreign relations of the PRC.
^ Government of Hong Kong
^ Government of Macau
^ a b In 1949, the Republic of China government led by the Kuomintang (KMT) lost the Chinese Civil War to the Communist Party of China (CPC) and relocated its capital to the island of Taiwan. The CPC established the PRC. As such, the political status of the ROC and the legal status of Taiwan (alongside the territories currently under ROC jurisdiction) are in dispute. In 1971, the ROC lost the China seat at the United Nations to the PRC: most states recognize or acknowledge the PRC to be the sole legitimate representative of all China, and the UN reckons the former as Taiwan, Province of China. The ROC is currently recognized by the Holy See and 23 UN member states as the government of China and has de facto relations with most others. A significant political movement within Taiwan advocates Taiwan independence.
^ a b The Chinese sovereignty over the Paracel Islands is disputed by Vietnam and the Republic of China (see List of territorial disputes).
^ a b c The sovereignty over Kashmir is disputed by India and Pakistan, smaller parts are disputed by the People's Republic of China (and the Republic of China). De facto Kashmir is divided between India, Pakistan and China. See the List of territorial disputes.
^ Abbreviated as DRC, and also known as Congo-Kinshasa; also formerly referred to as Zaire, its official name from 1971 to 1997.
^ Cyprus is recognized by the Holy See and all UN member states except Turkey, see Foreign relations of Cyprus
^ A simpler official short-form name has been encouraged by the Czech government: the English variant Czechia remains uncommon, but variants in Czech (Česko) and some other languages are more popular. See Name of the Czech Republic
^ The government of East Timor uses Timor-Leste as the English translation.
^ Hindustani uses both the Hindi and Urdu script
^ Source for the romanization is Geonames.
^ Åland was demilitarised by the Treaty of Paris in 1856, which was later affirmed by the League of Nations in 1921, and in a somewhat different context reaffirmed in the treaty on Finland's admission to the European Union in 1995.
^ See List of active autonomist and secessionist movements.
^ Source: Iraqi constitution
^ Ireland is often referred to as the Republic of Ireland (its official description but not its name). Sometimes this is done to distinguish Ireland from island of Ireland as a whole. However, sometimes it is done for political reasons and is contentious.
^ Israel is currently non-recognized by 11 countries, see Foreign relations of Israel.
^ Israel and the Palestinians: Key terms, BBC Newswatch, accessed, 8 April 2009.
^ Dore Gold, JCPA Legal Acrobatics: The Palestinian Claim that Gaza is Still "Occupied" Even After Israel Withdraws, Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, Vol. 5, No. 3, August 26, 2005.
^ International Law and Gaza: The Assault on Israel's Right to Self-Defense, Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, Vol. 7, No. 29 28 January 2008.
^ Israeli MFA Address by Israeli Foreign Minister Livni to the 8th Herzliya Conference, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Israel), January 22, 2008.
^ Panelists Disagree Over Gaza’s Occupation Status, University of Virginia School of Law, November 17, 2005.
^ "Israel: 'Disengagement' Will Not End Gaza Occupation" Human Rights Watch. October 29, 2004
^ "Human Rights Council Special Session on the Occupied Palestinian Territories" July 6, 2006"
^ Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs office on Occupied Palestinian Territory web site.
^ Summary of the Advisory Opinion: Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, International Court of Justice, July 9, 2004.
^ Richard Falk, Statement by Prof. Richard Falk, United Nations Special Rapporteur for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories, United Nations Human Rights Council, December 27, 2008.
^ See Names of Japan for more detail.
^ Though the sovereignty of the Republic of Macedonia is not disputed, Greece disputes its name. Therefore, the republic is referred to by the UN and a number of countries and international organizations as "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia".
^ Some argue that Albanian is the second official language, others argue that Albanian is not used as a second official language. See also Macedonian language naming dispute.
^ Moldovan is often considered to be the same language as Romanian, see Moldovan language.
^ E.g. the Federal Republic of Germany has diplomatic relations with the Cook Islands, Source: German foreign ministry, retrieved 14 August 2007. For more information: Foreign relations of the Cook Islands
^ Full text of joint communique on the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Niue, China Internet Information Center, retrieved 25 May 2009
^ Tokelau remains a dependent territory after referendums. Source: New Zealand Herald, retrieved 8 August 2008
^ The continent of Antarctica, including its outlying islands south of 60°S, are held in abeyance under the terms of the Antarctic Treaty. All claims are suspended. Claiming countries are Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway, and the United Kingdom. There is also an informal Brazilian claim.
^ Whether or not the Russian Federation is a genuine federation is a matter of dispute. See: Russian Federation section.
^ a b "Russia condemned for recognizing rebel regions". CNN.com. 2008-08-26. http://www.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/europe/08/26/russia.vote.georgia/index.html. Retrieved 2008-08-26.
^ See Regions and territories: Nagorno-Karabakh (17 January 2006). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
^ See The World Factbook|Cyprus (10 January 2006). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
^ Bissio, 1995, p. 433.
^ Page, 2004, p. 161.
^ Source for observership: UN Website.
^ See Regions and territories: Somaliland (30 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
^ Romanization in Pinyin.
^ "Ma refers to China as ROC territory in magazine interview". Taipei Times. 2008-10-08. http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2008/10/08/2003425320.
^ 'See Regions and territories: Trans-Dniester (13 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
^ "State", pp. 512–3 in Penguin Dictionary of International Relations. Evans, Graham & Newnham, Jeffrey. 1998. (ISBN 0-14-051397-3). London: Penguin Books Ltd.
^ Rogan-Finnemore, Michelle (2005), "What Bioprospecting Means for Antarctica and the Southern Ocean", in Von Tigerstrom, Barbara, International Law Issues in the South Pacific, Ashgate Publishing, p. 204, ISBN 0754644197 "Australia, New Zealand, France, Norway and the United Kingdom reciprocally recognize the validity of each other's claims."
^ CIA – the World Factbook – Antarctica – accessed 19 January 2008
^ Bilateral relations with countries, Order of Malta, Retrieved 2009-01-27
[edit] Other references
List of TerritoriesPDF (84.7 KiB) (2004). United Nations Cartographic Section. Retrieved 17 January 2006.
Countries or areas, codes and abbreviations (2006). United Nations Statistics Division. Retrieved 18 October 2006.
Countries and currencies (2006). European Commission. Retrieved 27 October 2006.
The World Factbook (2006). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 17 January 2006.
ISO 3166 country code list (2006) ISO 3166-1 Retrieved 18 October 2006
How many countries are there in the world? an article by David Madore on this unanswerable question
Average Latitude & Longitude of Countries
World List of ISO Countries and States
[edit] Bibliography
Roberto Remo Bissio, ed (1995). The world: a Third World guide 1995-96 (Illustrated ed.). Instituto del Tercer Mundo. ISBN 0855982918, 9780855982911.
Kogan Page (2004). Middle East Review (27th, illustrated ed.). ISBN 074944066X, 9780749440664. http://books.google.ca/books?id=NYszJtC66FAC&pg=PA161&dq=%22official+name%22+palestine&lr=#v=onepage&q=%22official%20name%22%20palestine&f=false.
[hide]v • d • eLists by country

Articles that include one or more maps are shown in italics.

Lists of topics Country articles · portals · categories · topics
Culture · Demography · Economy · Geography · History · Law enforcement · Maps · Politics · Religion · Sport · Tourism · Transport

Codes Airline codes · Call sign (ITU) prefixes · Country calling codes · FIFA country codes · FIPS country codes · Internet TLDs · IOC country codes · ISO country codes · Ship prefixes

Names and symbols Demonyms · Etymologies · Native names · Anthems · Coats of arms · Flags · National emblems · National mottos

Politics and
government Administrative divisions · Current heads of state and government · Election results · Intelligence agencies · Legislatures (by size) · Militaries · Office-holders · Political parties (party systems) · Sovereign states · Systems of government · UN member states · Voting systems

Places Cathedrals · Cemeteries · Cities · Islands · National capitals (Former national capitals) · National parks · Schools · Universities and colleges · World Heritage Sites

Other data by country Abortion law · Association football (soccer) · Battles · Capital punishment · Cardinals · Common surnames · Cuisines · Currencies · Education · Emergency contraception · Energy · Euthanasia and the law · Forex rates · Human rights · LGBT rights · Music genres · Newspapers · Novelists · Official languages · People · Railway companies · School leaving age · Tram and light-rail transit systems

Other lists Member states of the European Union (by accession · by political system) · Oldest/ Tallest person · Tallest buildings and structures



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Categories: Lists of countries

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